Gas turbines for thermal $11.19 Billion!
The global gas turbine market is expected to remain nearly stable in the future. Concerns over global warming and carbon emissions have led many countries to adopt stringent emissions regulations, encouraging the use of cleaner sources of power generation, such as natural gas. The majority of market revenue will come from the US, along with emerging economies in the Middle East, Africa and Asia. The latter will account for the majority of gas turbine revenue in the near future.
Many countries are decommissioning coal-fired power plants and encouraging the use of cleaner and more efficient fuels such as natural gas for power generation, in order to achieve climate targets, and reduce carbon emissions from power plants and reliance on coal. Governments around the world have implemented strict regulations to this end. In the EU, directives such as the Large Combustion Plant Directive (LCPD) and Industrial Emissions Directive (IED) have made it uneconomical for aging coal-fired power plants to continue operations. In the US, utilities retired almost 41.2 GW of coal-power capacity between 2009 and May 2012. Even Asia has seen a stronger focus on cleaner resources, and new emissions norms in China are as stringent as those in the US. In order to comply with regulations, utilities are looking to gas power generation, particularly via Combined Cycle Gas Turbine (CCGT) plants, which have proved a fast and efficient long-term option for complying with emissions regulations. During 2007-2013, the gas turbine market recorded revenue of $79.2 billion. The global market was estimated at $11.19 billion in 2013.
China a Major Market for Gas Turbine installation :China needs to reduce its dependence on coal, and is increasing its focus on renewable installed capacity and gas, making it a major market for gas turbines in the forecast period. Gas power generation in China is still at a nascent stage, but with improvements in the gas infrastructure it has quickly grown, from 16.7 Gigawatts (GW) in 2007 to 43.8 GW in 2013, boosting the gas turbine market in this period. The gas infrastructure in the country will continue to improve, driving the market over the forecast period.
During 2006-2013, 28.8 GW of gas capacity was installed in China, with additions peaking in 2006 and 2007. Turbines with more than 200 Megawatts (MW) of capacity accounted for the largest share, with 60% of the installations.
The US has Led the Gas Turbine Market :The recent shale gas discovery in the US has resulted in a considerable reduction of gas prices in the country. This has also led to a shift towards natural gas and reduced import dependence. This growth of natural gas production is expected to provide economic benefits, such as an improved balance of trade. Thermal power dominated the power market in the US in 2013, accounting for a 74% share of total installed capacity, and gas-fired power plants accounted for a dominant 41% share of the cumulative thermal installed capacity. The energy administration is focusing on shifting from coal to cleaner sources, and gas is proving to be the cleanest and easiest option available. The US is investing heavily in renewable power generation as well, but this will not be able to fully replace the existing coal capacity and requirement.